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Low Back Pain: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Low back pain is a prevalent and often debilitating condition that affects millions of people worldwide.

Whether it’s a sharp, shooting pain or a dull, persistent ache, low back pain can significantly impact a person’s daily activities, mobility, and overall quality of life.

At New Hampshire Regenerative Center, we understand the challenges that come with low back pain and are committed to providing comprehensive care to help individuals find relief and restore function.

Low Back Pain

The lower back, or lumbar region, consists of five vertebrae (L1-L5) stacked on top of each other, supported by muscles, ligaments, and tendons.

Low back pain can arise from various structures in this area, including the vertebrae, intervertebral discs, spinal nerves, muscles, and joints.

Common causes of low back pain include:

  • Muscle Strain: Overstretching or tearing of the muscles and ligaments in the lower back, often due to improper lifting, sudden movements, or poor posture.
  • Lumbar Disc Herniation: A condition where the soft inner core of the intervertebral disc protrudes or bulges outward, pressing on nearby spinal nerves and causing pain, numbness, or weakness in the legs (sciatica).
  • Degenerative Disc Disease: Wear and tear of the intervertebral discs over time, leading to disc degeneration, loss of disc height, and narrowing of the spinal canal (spinal stenosis).
  • Spinal Stenosis: A narrowing of the spinal canal or neural foramina (openings where spinal nerves exit the spinal cord), compressing the spinal cord or nerve roots and causing pain, numbness, or tingling in the legs.
  • Facet Joint Arthritis: Degeneration of the small joints in the back of the spine (facet joints), resulting in inflammation, stiffness, and pain, particularly with movement or prolonged sitting.
  • Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction: Dysfunction or inflammation of the sacroiliac joint, located at the junction of the sacrum and ilium, leading to low back pain and buttock pain, often aggravated by walking, standing, or sitting for long periods.

Symptoms of Low Back Pain

Low back pain can manifest in various ways, ranging from mild discomfort to severe, incapacitating pain.

Common symptoms of low back pain include:

  • Dull, Aching Pain: Aching or dull pain in the lower back that may be localized or radiate to the buttocks, hips, or legs.
  • Sharp, Shooting Pain: Sharp or shooting pain that may worsen with movement, bending, or lifting.
  • Stiffness and Limited Range of Motion: Stiffness or reduced flexibility in the lower back, making it difficult to bend, twist, or perform daily activities.
  • Muscle Spasms: Involuntary muscle contractions or spasms in the lower back, often causing sudden, intense pain and restricted movement.
  • Numbness or Tingling: Numbness, tingling, or weakness in the legs or feet, indicating nerve compression or irritation (sciatica).
  • Pain with Certain Activities: Pain that worsens with certain activities, such as sitting for prolonged periods, standing, walking, or lifting heavy objects.

Treatment Options for Low Back Pain

Treatment for low back pain depends on the underlying cause, severity of symptoms, and individual patient factors.

A comprehensive approach to low back pain management may include:

Conservative Treatments:

  • Physical Therapy: Exercises, stretches, and manual therapy techniques to improve strength, flexibility, and posture, and alleviate pain.
  • Chiropractic Care: Spinal manipulation and adjustments to restore alignment, mobility, and function of the spine.

Regenerative Therapies:

  • Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy: Injection of concentrated platelets from the patient’s own blood into the affected area to promote tissue repair, reduce inflammation, and alleviate pain.
  • Cell Therapy: Injection of mesenchymal cells into the damaged tissue to stimulate regeneration and repair.

Finding Relief and Restoring Function

Low back pain is a complex and multifaceted condition that requires individualized treatment based on the underlying cause, severity of symptoms, and patient preferences.

At New Hampshire Regenerative Center, we offer a comprehensive range of treatment options for low back pain, including conservative therapies, interventional procedures, and regenerative therapies, aimed at providing relief, restoring function, and improving quality of life.

If you’re struggling with low back pain, don’t wait any longer to seek help. Call us today at (603) 945-1945 and schedule a consultation with our experienced team to explore your treatment options.

Ready To Live A Longer, Happier, Healthier Life? Call Us Today: (603) 945-1945